"Every baby should have the privilege of being born healthy and wanted"
- Thomas A. Leonard, M.D.

Reducing infant mortality: The Challenges

The infant mortality rate is the most sensitive indicator of societal health. Infant mortality rate is defined as the number of deaths during the first year of life per 1,000 live births in a population group. The infant mortality rate is driven by these five leading causes of infant death: congenital anomalies, prematurity, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), maternal complications, and injuries, such as suffocation.

Over the past 50 years, infant mortality rates have decreased significantly. Unfortunately, the infant mortality rate in the US is higher than that of many other industrialized countries.


Every mother has a right to a safe and enjoyable pregnancy.
Founder Thomas A. Leonard, M.D.


Every family is entitled to develop to its fullest potential within our evolving society.
Founder Thomas A. Leonard, M.D.

Next: What We Are Doing



Did you know?

Folic acid consumption, before pregnancy and during the first few weeks of pregnancy, has been shown to reduce the incidence of children born with neural tube defects by 50-70%.  
The U.S. Public Health Service recommends that all women of childbearing age who are capable of becoming pregnant should consume 400mcg (0.4 mg) of folic acid per day for the purpose of reducing their risk of having a pregnancy affected with spina bifida or other neural tube defects (NTDs).  Women who have had a prior NTD-affected pregnancy are at high risk of having subsequent affected pregnancy.  When these women are planning to become pregnant, they should consult their health care providers for advice.