-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Pre-pregnancy health: Becoming a Parent
- What You Can Do
Start the conversation
- Preconception health is all about teachable moments during routine primary health visits. Ask your patients if they envision parenthood as a part of their future.
Promote Wellness and Healthy Choices throughout the Lifespan
Incorporate the three components of preconception health into existing models of care:
Give patients information and counseling about:
- Immunizations (hepatitis B, rubella, varicella, Tdap, HPV, and influenza)
- Smoking cessation
- Alcohol and other drug use
- Nutrition and weight management
- Home and workplace hazards
- Social and emotional support
- Financial resources and access to care
- Additional education to promote healthy pregnancy
- Complete health history, including family, medical (including medication use and chronic conditions), reproductive, and psychosocial (major psychological stressors and screening for depression/anxiety and domestic violence) components.
- Physical examination and selected laboratory tests. The health history reflects a broad definition of health and includes
- Folic acid/vitamin therapy.
- Alternative medication regimens.
- Contraceptive or infertility treatment.
- Identification of the best medications to minimize fetal risk.
- Referrals to others for specialty care, such as genetic testing.
Did you know?
Folic acid consumption, before pregnancy and during the first few weeks of pregnancy, has been shown to reduce the incidence of children born with neural tube defects by 50-70%.